Extensive farming or extensive agriculture (as opposed to intensive farming) is an agricultural production system that uses small inputs of labor, fertilizers, and capital, relative to the land area being farmed. Extensive agriculture is a form of agriculture that uses small inputs of labor, fertilizers, and capital, for production when compared to the land area that is used for farming. At the extreme, there are no buildings, only equipment. extensive characteristics. Write. Extensive definition: Something that is extensive covers or includes a large physical area. Extensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of crop cultivation using small amounts of labour and capital in relation to area of land being farmed. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. The intensive farming believes in large scale production to yield as much as produce it can. Extensive Farming # Cropping Pattern: Extensive commercial farming tries to maximize per capita production. Mechanisation can be used more effectively over large, flat areas. Learn. Extensive agriculture is also called extensive farming and it is the opposite of intensive farming. Extensive agriculture is distinguished from intensive agriculture in that the latter, employing large amounts of labour and capital, enables one to apply fertilizers, insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides and to plant, cultivate, and often harvest mechanically. The use of machinery and scientific methods of farming produce a large quantity of crops. This demand for land means that extensive agriculture must be carried on where land values are low in relation to labour and capital, which in turn means that extensive agriculture is practiced where population densities are low and thus usually at some distance from primary markets. The use of large amounts of pesticides for crops, and of medication for animal stocks is common. Extensive farming most commonly means raising sheep and cattle in areas with low agricultural productivity, but includes large-scale growing of wheat, barley, cooking oils and other grain crops in areas like the Murray-Darling Basin in Australia. Roelof Bezuidenhout poses the question. Compare intensive agriculture. EurLex-2. farming that aims to produce as much as possible, usually with the use of chemicals the potential environmental impact of large-scale, intensive farming Elsewhere large areas have been drained and levelled for industry or intensive farming. definition - Extensive_farming. May 12, 2015 at 9:50 am In the trend towards increasingly extensive livestock production, are we not moving too far from natural production systems and placing our hope in feed from a bag? hayesgeo. Just as the demand has led to the basic division of cropping and pastoral activities, these areas can also be subdivided depending on the region's rainfall, vegetation type and agricultural activity within the area and the many other parentheses related to this data. Nomadic herding is an extreme example of extensive farming, where herders move their animals to use feed from occasional sunlight. cultivation of agricultural land. Terms in this set (8) Extensive definition . Intensive farming is said to create high levels of pollution and damage the environment more than organic farming. Created by. Extensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of crop cultivation using small amounts of labour and capital in relation to area of land being farmed. The nature of extensive farming means it requires less rainfall than intensive farming. Because extensive agriculture produces a lower yield per unit of land, its use commercially requires large quantities of land in order to be profitable. Perspective - Development strategies (CIRAD), [online] (25). | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In Australia and New Zealand, dairy cows are kept without housing. Match. Local environment and soil are not damaged by overuse of chemicals. Extensive Farming Law and Legal Definition. Intensive farming has a very high negative impact on the environment because the pesticides and chemicals being used. In relation to intensive or extensive farming, the balance of environmental benefit has been determined to lie with extensive farming, despite the greater methane emissions, which result. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Extensive farming is found in the mid-latitude sections of most continents, as well as in desert regions where water for cropping is not available. Test. In 1957, most parts of Western Australia had pastures so poor that only one sheep to the square mile could be supported [1]. Efficiency of livestock systems in harsh environment. Young shorn Angoras kept warm and dry in a shed. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Omissions? extensive farming. Disadvantages Extensive Farming can have the following problems, Yields tend to be much lower than with intensive farming in the short term. The extensive type is exemplified by the cattle ranchers of the United States. [4] A more recent study by CIRAD however found that extensive livestock systems impact the environment less than intensive systems. Advertizing analogical dictionary Integral Dictionary [Thème] Descripteurs EUROVOC (fr) [Thème] extensive farming (n.) ↕ EUROVOC. See more. Definition of INTENSIVE FARMING in the Definitions.net dictionary. large area of land, little work for large gain, nomadic, old & poverish soils. Intensive farming or intensive agriculture is a kind of agriculture where a lot of money and labour are used to increase the yield that can be obtained per area of land. Here, owing to the extreme age and poverty of the soils, yields per hectare are very low, but the flat terrain and very large farm sizes mean yields per unit of labour are high. EurLex-2. So they are appreciated and preferred by consume… Extensive Farming is a system of cultivation, which uses limited inputs, i.e. Another word for extensive. Gravity. The crop yield in extensive agriculture relies primarily on the natural affluence of the soil, the environment, the climate, and the availability of water. Such farming methods make it possible for human populations to remain in rugged rural areas. By Roelof Bezuidenhout. As such, this technique yields specific consequences. Extensive farming or extensive agriculture (as opposed to intensive farming) is an agricultural production system that uses small inputs of labor, fertilizers, and capital, relative to the land area being farmed. In this method, traditional methods of farming are given preference. [3] translation and definition "extensive farming", Dictionary English-English online. Extensive farming is Ruin rivers, air, as well as they poison the land. Extensive farming in general is more beneficial to the environment. Define extensive farming. Per capita availability of land is much higher. Definition : Extensive livestock production is an animal farming system characterised by a low productivity per animal and per surface. farming with vast amounts of land and little input. 3 : of, relating to, or constituting farming in which large areas of land are utilized with minimum outlay and labor Other Words from extensive Synonyms & Antonyms More Example Sentences Learn More … One study estimated that the carbon "footprint" per billion kg (2.2 billion lb) of milk produced in 2007 was 37 percent that of equivalent milk production in 1944. Agricultural products such as meat, eggs, milk, fish, and cereals are highly demanded in the contemporary world’s food markets such as restaurants and supermarkets. The only building houses the milking…. Intensive agriculture, also known as intensive farming (as opposed to extensive farming) and industrial agriculture, is a type of agriculture, both of crop plants and of animals, with higher levels of input and output per cubic unit of agricultural land area. What does INTENSIVE FARMING mean? The most obvious example of modern extensive farming is, in fact, grain and corn production in the great plains of the US. Main Differences Between Intensive and Extensive Farming Meaning. farming that uses traditional methods and uses less labour and investment than more modern methods in order to farm fairly large areas of land: Crop yields are inevitably lower in the areas that practise this type of extensive agriculture. definition of Wikipedia. Information and translations of INTENSIVE FARMING in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Finally, intensive agriculture requires greater investments in energy (electricity), resources (water) and technology, while extensive investment depends on natural hydrological cycles. Extensive farming has a number of advantages over intensive farming: Extensive farming can have the following problems:[2], Extensive farming was once thought to produce more methane and nitrous oxide per kg of milk than intensive farming. Extensive farming, the opposite of intensive farming, is characterised by a low use of capital and labour (e.g. Extensive farming This article needs additional citations for verification. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …types of large stock farms, extensive and intensive, may be distinguished. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The farm is usually large in comparison with the numbers working and money spent on it. It is through the man-power that uses the machinery at stake to the optimal level. Land is abundant in this area and population density is relatively low. The crop yield in extensive agriculture depends primarily on the natural fertility of the soil, the terrain, the climate, and the availability of water. Vigne, M. (2014). Intensive vs extensive farming. Often contrasted with intensive (sense 1 of the adjective) intensive and extensive farming. Meaning of INTENSIVE FARMING. Available at: Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The environmental impact of dairy production: 1944 compared with 2007", https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2014/ca-vient-de-sortir/perspective-25-emergy-method-shows-the-efficiency-of-extensive-livestock-systems, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Extensive_farming&oldid=951388376, Articles needing additional references from May 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from February 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Extensive farming is a form of farming that will make use of relatively low inputs of capital and labor in relation to the land that is being used for farming (it usually has a large farm). Corrections? fertilisers, pesticides, machinery) relative to land area. The consumption of products derived from extensive livestock has a high and healthy nutritional content. Greater efficiency of labour means generally lower product prices. It uses small amounts of inputs, capital, and labour compared to the farmed land area. Less labour per unit areas is required to farm large areas, especially since expensive alterations to land (like terracing) are completely absent. Examples of intensive agriculture. Ruin rivers, air, as well as they poison the land. If animals are grazed on pastures native to the locality, there is less likely to be problems with exotic species. means farming that corresponds to at least the stocking densities as indicated in these regulations and includes the prescribed outdoor area requirements for the animals; Updates? extensive examples. Extensive Farming is a system of crop cultivation using small amounts of labor and capital about the area of land farmed. Extensive definition, of great extent; wide, broad: an extensive area. farming that uses traditional methods and uses less labour and investment than more modern methods in order to farm fairly large areas of land: Crop yields are inevitably lower in the areas that practise this type of extensive agriculture. extensive farming ↗ cultivation system: Wikipedia. High crop yield; One of the main rewards of intensive farming is the production of high crop yields. Extensive livestock farming is usually present in territories with low population density and extreme climates, where more intensive and productive agriculture is not possible, such as the Eastern region and the Atlas Mountains in Morocco. [5], Agriculture systems that involve low inputs and outputs relative to land area, Wadham, Sir Samuel; Wilson, R. Kent and Wood, Joyce (1957). Large land requirements limit the habitat of wild species (in some cases, even very low stocking rates can be dangerous), as is the case with, This page was last edited on 16 April 2020, at 22:29. Find more ways to say extensive, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. STUDY. 2 (of agriculture) obtaining a relatively small crop from a large area with a minimum of capital and labour. It is characterized by a low fallow ratio, higher use of inputs such as capital and labour, and higher crop yields per unit land area. Extensive farming or extensive agriculture is an agricultural production system that uses small inputs of labor, fertilizers, and capital, relative to the land area being farmed. They need a limited habitat that can give maximum results. Intensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of cultivation using large amounts of labour and capital relative to land area. The crop yields per unit of land are lower than in intensive agriculture. cattle, sheep, grain crops. In sum, extensive livestock farming is known as a practice of the agricultural industry, which as we pointed out at the outset, is characterized by the raising of domestic animals in large areas of land. Photo: Roelof Bezuidenhout - Advertisement - 11 … Example sentences with "extensive farming", translation memory . Flashcards. Advantages of Intensive Farming. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The yelds are sometimes a half of what an intensive european farmer gets using less fertile soil. In this text we have highlighted the importance of extensive livestock production in food production. Spell. Pastoral farming offers environmental advantages, such … labour, investment, machinery etc., in comparison to the land under cultivation. 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